Jayalalithaa Jayaram (Tamil: ) (born 24 February 1948) commonly referred to as J. Jayalalitha, is the Chief Minister of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. She is the incumbent general secretary of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), a Dravidian party. She is called Amma (English: Mother) and Puratchi Thalaivi (English: Revolutionary Leader) by her followers.She was a film actor in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Hindi before entering politics.
She was born on 24th February 1948 in Mysore, Karnataka and was named as Komalavalli in a Tamil Iyengar family. She is a native of Srirangam, Trichy.Her father Jeyaram died when she was 2 years old. She had her formal education at the Bishop Cotton Girls' High School in Bangalore.She later moved to Madras State (now Tamil Nadu) along with her mother Sandhya, who ventured as an actress into Tamil cinema.She was then schooled at Sacred Heart Matriculation School (popularly known as Church Park Presentation Convent or Presentation Church Park Convent) in Chennai.She excelled in academics and has claimed that she was offered a scholarship for higher studies from the Government of India but she entered film industry, under the guidance of her mother.She has claimed in many interviews,that her ambition was to become a lawyer but the condition of her family had forced her to take up acting then.However she also claims to have attended one reputed college in Chennai,just for one day before entering into the Tamil film industry.
Jayalalitha made her debut as a teenager in a Kannada film titled Chinnada Gombe (1964), which was a major hit and made her star overnight.She also acted in a English movie, Epistle released in 1961, which was produced by Shankar Giri, son of former president of India VV Giri. She acted in a couple of films in Kannada before moving into the Tamil film Industry. She got her first break in Vennira Aadai (1965), directed by C. V. Sridhar. The following year, she made her debut in Telugu cinema through Manushulu Mamathalu. She was perhaps, the first heroine who appeared in Skirts in Tamil films. From 1965-1972 she formed a hit on screen pair with MGR by giving back to back box office hits with films like Aayirathil Oruvan, Muharassi, Chandorodyam , Kavalkaran, Rahasya Police 115, Adimai Pen, Nam Naadu, Kudiyiruntha Koil, Olivilaku, Thaikku Thalaimagan, Mattukkara Velan, Thalaivan, Thedi Vanda Mappillai, Kanavan, Engal Thangam, Kumari Kottam , Raman Thediya Seethai.Except for Annam Ita Kai, the pair had all of their films as box office success. She also worked with B. Saroja Devi, the number one heroine in Tamil films from 1959-1969, in Arasa Kattali.She also acted in suspense films like Naan and comedy films like Galatta Kalyanam.
After pairing opposite MGR in 25 Tamil films, she decided to explore herself by acting opposite other heroes in Tamil films. Her films rarely saw failure at the box office. Her commercially successful films with Sivaji Ganeshan include Pattikada Pattanama, Galatta Kalyanam, Sumathi En Sundari, Enga Mama, Raja and Deiva Magan. Her performances in Soorya Kanthi and Chandrodhayam were critically acclaimed. She continued pairing up with younger heroes like Ravichandran in movies like Bhagdad Perazhagi, Moondrezhuthu, Magarasi and Madi Veetu Mappillai and with Jaishankar - Vairam and Yaar Nee. Thereby she established herself in the Tamil film industry with the series of box-office hits Nee, Major Chandrakanth and Kandan Karunai. She made her Bollywood debut through Izzat, in which she was paired opposite Dharmendra. She also established her popularity in Telugu films Nayakudu Vinayakudu, Aadarsa Kutumbam, Akka Thamudu, Bharya Biddalu, Shri Krishna Vijayam, Brahmachari, Goodachari 116 and Navarathri. Her last film was Nadhiyai Thedi Vandha Kadal (1980).